on the north western coast of the State, Kasaragod was famous from
thime immemorial. Many Arab travellers, who came to Kerala
between 9th century and 14th Centuries A.D., visited Kasaragod as
it was then an important trade centre. They called this area
Harkwillia. Mr. Barbose, the portuguese traveller,
who visited Kumble near Kasaragod in 1514, had recorded that rice
was exported to Male Island whence coir was imported. Dr.
Francis Buccanan, who was the family doctor of Lord Wellesly, visited
Kasaragod in 1800. In his travelogue, he has included informaion
on the political and communal set-up in places like Athipramba,
Kavvai, Nileswar, Bekkal, Chandragiri and Manjeswar.
was part of the Kumbala kingdom in which there were Tulu and Malayalam
villages. When Vijayanagar empire attacked Kasaragod, it was
ruled by the Kolathiri king who had Nileswar as hisheadquarters. It
is said that the characters appearing in Theyyam, the ritualistic
folk dance of northeren Kerala, represent those who had helped king
Kolathire fight against the attack of hte Vijayanagar empire.
During the decline of that empire in the 14th century, the administration
of this area was vested with the Ikkeri Naikans. Then continued
to be the rulers till the fall of the Vijayanagar empire in 16th
century. Then Vengappa Naik declared independenceto Ikkeri.
In 1645 Sivappa Naik took the reins and transferred the capital
to Bednoor. Thus they came to be known as Bednoor Naiks. Chandragiri
fort and Bekal fort are considered to be parts of a chain of forts
constructed by Sivappa Naik for the defence of the kingdow.
1763 Hyder Ali of Mysore conquered Bednoor and his intention was
to capture entire Kerala. But when his attempt to conquer
Thalessery fort was foiled, Hyder Ali returned to Mysore and died
there in 1782. His son, Tippu Sulthan, Continued the attack
and conquered Malabar. As per the Sreerangapattanam treaty
of 1792, Tippu surrendered Malabar except Tulunadu (Canara)
to the British. The British got Canara only after the death
of Tippu Sulthan in 1799.
was part of Bekkal taluk in the south Canara district of Bombay
presidency. Kasaragod taluk came into beign when Bekkal taluk
was included in the Madras presidency on April 16, 1882. Through
Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar moved a resolution in 1913 on the floor
of Madras Governor's Council demanding the merger of Kasaragod taluk
with the Malabar district, it had to be withdrawn because of the
stiff oposition of the members from Karnataka.